Advanced Driving Course

Bullying – Zero-Tolerance Policy

This community takes bullying and the act of bullying very seriously. Remember, there is always a fine line between having ‘banter’ with someone and bullying. Always make sure you know where the line is. The community, members and management are expected to have a zero-tolerance policy on bullying and therefore anyone who breaks this expectation will be removed dealt with accordingly. Further action may be taken by the CMG Community Managers at their discretion.

Introduction

The Advanced Driving Course is for those officers that are wanting to move to a division such as the Interceptors or SCO-19. This is a mandatory course that must be taken, and passed before moving into one of the advanced divisions.

You may also be put forward for this course if you've shown within CMG that you're an active member of the team, you've got a good arrest count and are wanting to home in your skills as an advanced driver.

To take this course, you must be a Senior Police Constable or above.

Course Outline

Outlined below are the course core subjects, you will be taken through each core subject; teaching you both the knowledge and the methods behind each item. When taking this course you must show a deep understanding of both the core subject, and demonstration of the subject in practice; for example showing the an acceptable PIT taking into account the risks that coincide with this.

This course will be given by an appropiate member of the Police Department; this will be a member of, or an appropiately trained Interceptor Field Training Officer.

This course is mandatory must be passed in order to move to another division such as the Interceptors or SCO19.

If you fail this course by being unable to complete an element below successfully, your training will be suspended and you will be given a 48 hour cool-off period that must be abided by.

Incident Response Driving

Due to the nature of being an advanced drivier, you should have the expectation to be deployed to more incidents that may invovle pursuits or wreckless manners of driving such as drink and drug related. This course is also a prerequisite step to move towards Interceptors and SCO19, both of which have a wider variety of vehciles which in turn have higher speeds.

Because of this, it is important for you to demonstrate your use of speed, within a safe manner; using the tools provided to you within the vehicle such as emergency lighting and sirens.

Driving Test

An officer must demonstrate an appropriate use of their vehicle taking into account all driving factors such as weather conidtions, speed, traffic and most importatnly other road users.

TPAC – Tactical Pursuit and Containment

All risks must be summed up before TPAC is performed, this includes but is not limited to:

  • Speed - You must take into account when pursuing a vehicle the speed that you are travelling at, the higher the speed the more chance of a fatal incident. It is a lot more safe for us to pit a vehicle at slower speeds as we will minimise the risk to life allowing us be able to apprehend the suspect.
  • Danger to life (both other members of the public and officers) - If the suspect is driving relatively safely whilst being pursued it is unnecessary for us to pit them as it may make the driver drive more recklessly which can endanger further lives. If the suspect is driving dangerously (Mounting curbs, running people over, etc.) you are to stop them immediately. Keep in mind that you are to safely go through all procedures while pitting someone, to minimise the risk to life.
  • State of all vehicles involved - If your vehicle is in a good condition, you are able to pit the suspect at a harder rate, this will help bring the pursuit to a end and will minimise the risk to life. If your vehicle is unsafe to pit (Damaged, low fuel) you are not to pit the vehicle as it may endanger more lives along with your own.
  • Vehicle markers - If the vehicle is known to carry any weapons, knives or any other potentially dangerous items, it is advised that you only pit the vehicle once SCO-19 officers are present to prevent a fatal outcome.
  • Length of pursuit - Take into consideration the length of the pursuit, if the pursuit has been going on for a substantially long period of time, it is advised that you either bring the vehicle to a stop quickly or disengage from the suspect, this can depend on how dangerous they are driving. If the driver is not driving dangerously then continue the pursuit. However, if the driver is driving dangerously, end the pursuit as it could end up with more lives being lost. We are here to save lives, not end them.

Before any TPAC is attempted, the lead member of a pursuit that is a member of the Interceptor team must seek authorisation from a higher-ranking officer. The pursuit must be on-going for more than 5 minutes, or there be a significant risk to life if the pursuit is continued at its current state.

Boxing

Boxing a vehicle whilst stationary or moving is one safe way to bring a fleeing vehicle under control, and to reduce the speeds that the vehicle is traveling at. This is an effective method of containment, however requires the use of several officers and vehicles therefore increasing the chance of vehicle damage.

In order to perform a box, a minimum of three vehicles must be used, although it should be noted that it is possible to achieve a box using two vehicles if the fleeing suspect is against a structure and is travelling at very low speeds thus only requiring officers to cover 75% of the remaining vehicle; which can be achieved with both officers covering the two retrospective corners of the vehicles to contain as much of the exposed 75%.

First an officer must go ahead of the pursuit, this will allow the front officer to control the speed of the pursuit and will allow this officer to slow down when necessary in order to achieve the containment.

Two officers must then drive either side (if 100% of the vehicle is exposed; remove one officer if the exposure is 75%) of the vehicle and begin to enclose into the vehicle with the front vehicle reducing speed to enclose the box.

Finally, one officer must then finish the containment by driving at the rear of the fleeing vehicle ensuring their matching the speed of the suspect but also taking into consideration the speed reduction that will be applied to the pursuit by the other officers involved.

At all stages clear communications must be completed during this method, with the rear officer taking lead of these stages set out above.

Boxing Demonstrate

An officer must demonstrate an appropriate box manoeuvre using a minimum of 3 vehicles; the officer being tested must take turns at first being the officer in charge of the speed of the pursuit, therefore being the officer in front of the suspect. They must demonstrate good listening skills, following the primary officers instructions (this is the officer at the rear of the vehicle controlling the manoeuvre).

Once successful the officer must then switch roles and take up the primary officers role, demonstrating good communications skills in directing the other officers to take their positions correctly and contain the suspect appropriately.

The officer will have 2 attempts at both methods; if this is failed then the course will be suspended.

PIT

A PIT manoeuvre if performed correctly is a very quick way to end a pursuit quickly and effectively. However as stated above, a high level of evaluation has to be complete before this is performed.

In order to perform a PIT on a vehicle, two or more officers are required. Once approval is sought, an appropriate location must be decided taking into account the risk to life of other members of the public. The officer will then move toward the fleeing vehicle and match their speeds; once confident that all checks have been completed the officer will then move up to line their front bumper around the fleeing vehicles rear wheel arch. Once ready, and again the final last-minute checks have been completed the officer will then steer toward the vehicle applying pressure to the fleeing vehicle and causing the vehicle to spin out of control.

Whilst this is on-going, the additional officer(s) should ensure that clear communications are being given across the radio to enable the primary PIT officer to focus solely on the task at hand.

Finally, once the fleeing vehicle has spun and come to rest any and all officers should immediately and within a safe manner move toward their vehicle emulating a stationary vehicle box.

PIT Demonstrate

An officer must demonstrate an appropriate PIT manoeuvre, taking into account the principals of TPAC. They must initiate a pursuit with a vehicle then skipping time forward by 5 minutes use appropriate radio communication to ask for permission to PIT the suspect vehicle, giving the correct information to the training officer acting as the authoriser in order to successfully receive authorisation. Once this has been granted the officer must inact on this authorisation and succesfully PIT the vehicle.

The officer will have 2 attempts at both methods; if this is failed then the course will be suspended.